The export, transit and brokering of dual-use items is subject to licensing by the Commerce Department.
Dual-use items are goods, software or technology which can be used for both civilian and military applications.  These are listed in Annex 1 to Council Regulation (EC) 428/2009, which has been updated by Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/2199​. This is directly applicable in all EU countries including the Malta, to which Subsidiary Legislation 365.12 also applies.
Application is done electronically, whilst enquiries can be directed to controlledgoods@gov.mt or 21.226.688. Detailed information on the application and licensing procedures can be found in the links below.

Application Form